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Monetary policy is the flexible regulation of money supply by monetary authorities to achieve specified or desired economic goals. Most governments attempt to regulate the degree of expansion of sources of funds. Monetary policy comes into actuality when there is an adjustment in the cost of credit, source of funds, and exchange rate. In anticipation of economic expansion, the government then, through the central bank, has the power to bring down the credit cost, which can further cut down the rate of exchange. This study used a descriptive research design and a census sampling technique with a sample size of nine this reveals that the central bank is maintaining a tight monetary policy stance, which could lead to higher borrowing costs for banks and their customers. The standard deviation of 4.8666 indicates that there is a considerable variation in monetary policy rates, which could make it difficult for banks to plan and make decisions. The study further revealed that banks are required to hold only a small percentage of their deposits in reserve with the central bank. Based on the findings of the study, it is recommended that banks in Ghana should closely monitor and analyze the monetary policy rates set by the central bank, as these rates have a significant impact on their performance. Banks should pay close attention to the interest rate, as it has a moderate positive effect on the monetary policy rate.


Monetary policy rate Cash reserve rate Minimum rediscount rate Interest rate Liquidity rate

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How to Cite
Naa Hoffman, B., & Assifuah-Nunoo, E. (2023). The Effect of Monetary Policy Rate on the Performance of Listed Banks in Ghana over Five-year Period. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies and Innovative Research, 11(2), 35–49.


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