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The World Health Organization has declared the rapid spread of COVID-19 around the world a global public health emergency. Since the first confirmed case of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in December 2019, in Wuhan, China, it has rapidly spread throughout the world, prompting the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare it a pandemic on 12 March 2020. As of 4 February 2021, the WHO had confirmed 103,989,900 cases of COVID-19 cases with 2,260,259 deaths in over 210 countries and regions. It is well-known that the spread of the disease is influenced by people’s willingness to adopt preventative public health behaviors, which are often associated with public knowledge, attitudes, and practices. Moreover, the general public’s knowledge, awareness, and risk perception associated with the disease can serve as indicators that will inform preparations for future pandemics or outbreaks. Despite the availability of information from different sources to community members, a huge volume of this information is not evidence-based. Therefore, it is important to assess the knowledge of the pandemic against the best available information. This review paper examines the level of COVID-19 knowledge, attitudes, and practices and provides appropriate recommendations to mitigate its spread and impact.
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